White Papers

Our highly experienced teams are expert in overcoming even the most complex challenges, putting our in-depth knowledge of the latest materials and processes to work in designing outstandingly reliable products and applications for our customers.  Learn how we are addressing industry issues by delivering innovative solutions that get results.


As the traditional 2.4 GHz operating band for IEEE 802.11-compliant Wi-Fi wireless local area networks (LANs) becomes more crowded, network administrators increasingly look to the less crowded 5 GHz operating band to improve or maintain network performance and reliability. This is especially necessary in medical Wi-Fi deployments, which present greater operational challenges and more stringent requirements than residential and commercial Wi-Fi networks.

Wi-Fi® Client Device Security and Compliance with PCI DSS

For most of today's retailers, solid Wi-Fi client device security is essential for compliance with the latest version of the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS), version 1.2.

Such security can be achieved by following three best practices identified in the paper:

Automotive EMI Shielding – Controlling Automotive Electronic Emissions and Susceptibility with Proper EMI Suppression Methods

As technology advances, the need to place larger numbers of electrical and electronic systems into automobiles has dramatically increased. To name a few, these systems include Control Area Networks (CAN), safety systems, communications, mobile media, infotainment systems including wireless headsets, DC motors and controllers. The physical size of these systems is greatly reduced because of the size and weight constraints involved with automotive design. These systems may be small, but it does not necessarily mean their electromagnetic emissions are too.

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Use of Thin-Film Thermoelectrics in PCR Thermal Cycling

PCR is a technique widely used in molecular biology to produce millions of copies of a specific DNA sequence. PCR-based testing is used in the diagnosis of hereditary diseases, the identification of genetic fingerprints, and the detection and diagnosis of infectious diseases. PCR uses thermal cyclers to alternately heat and cool a DNA sample based on a predefined series of temperature steps to facilitate the amplification of the DNA.

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Dampening cavity resonance using absorber material

By implementing microwave absorbent material, unwanted cavity resonances are effectively dampened to prevent microwave radiation in circuits where PC-board is used as a cover. Today, many microwave circuit designers are noticing that their circuits do not perform as well as predicted when they enclose them with circuit board covers. As a result, cavity resonances are set up inside the cavity, which changes the impedance conditions required for proper operation of some circuit elements. With operational frequencies increasing, this is becoming a prevalent issue in microwave circuit design.

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