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CAM

CAM (Constantly Awake Mode) is a power save mode that keeps the radio powered up continuously to ensure there is minimal lag in response time. This power save setting consumes the most power but offers the highest throughput.

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CCK

Complementary Code Keying (CCK) is a modulation scheme used with WLANs that employ the IEEE 802.11b specification.

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CCKM

CCKM (Cisco Centralized Key Management) is a Cisco-specific authentication method. CCKM enables quick authentication to avoid a perceptible delay in voice or other time-sensitive applications. See this Cisco support forum for additional information. 

 


 

CCX

Cisco Compatible Extensions (CCX) is a certification program from Cisco Systems, Inc. To earn a CCX certification, a client device or client Wi-Fi radio must pass a set of tests to demonstrate interoperability with Cisco Wi-Fi infrastructures and support for Cisco Wi-Fi innovations, which are provided to program participants in a specification. For more information on CCX, visit http://developer.cisco.com/web/ccx/home 

 


 

CCX Features

CCX Features is an SCU Global setting that enables the use of the Cisco information element (IE) and CCX version number to authorize support for CCX features. CCX Features options are:

  • Full - Use Cisco IE and CCX version number and enable support for all CCX features.
  • Optimized - Use Cisco IE and CCX version number and enable support for all CCX features except AP-assisted roaming, AP-specified maximum transmit power, and radio management.
  • Off - Do not use Cisco IE and CCX version number.

Note: For 30AG (MSD30AG and SSD30AG) radio modules, this parameter is disabled. The default is Optimized.

 


   

CDSS

Clinical Decision Support System (CDSS) is computer software designed to help make decisions, such as diagnosis or treatment decisions, based on available data acquired through electronic means.

 


 

CE Mark

The CE (Conformité Européenne or European Conformity) Mark on a product indicates that it complies with all safety requirements established by the European Union.

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Central Role (Bluetooth Low Energy)

In a Bluetooth Low Energy connection, one of four roles is occupied by a device: Central, Peripheral, Broadcaster, and Observer. The Central role is the Master in a connection and may maintain multiple connections. A Central device pairs with Peripheral devices and acts as the host of a connection. However, when receiving data from a Peripheral device, the Central device acts as a client to the Peripheral and the Peripheral device acts as a data server.

The Central role is most often occupied by a Bluetooth Smart Ready (dual-mode) device. Central and Peripheral roles are the two most commonly used in a Bluetooth Low Energy configuration.

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Certs Path

Certs Path is an SCU Global setting that indicates the directory location for certification(s) for EAP authentication and PAC files. A valid directory path can include up to 64 characters.

The SCU default certification path depends on the type of device.

 


 

Channels

802.11-compliant devices operate on segments of a frequency band referred to as channels. 802.11a, 802.11b, and 802.11g standards specify channels that are 20 MHz wide while 802.11n allows for both 20 MHz and 40 MHz wide channels. 802.11 standards allow for operation at 2.4 GHz and at 5 GHz. In the 2.4 GHz band, regulatory agencies have channels that are 5 MHz wide and 802.11-compliant devices must operate across multiple channels. Because of this, the number of non-overlapping channels in the 2.4 GHz band is more important than the actual number of channels.

Domain Frequency Band 2.4 GHz Channels  Non-Overlapping Channels
FCC  2400-2473 MHz 1-11 3
ETSI  2400-2483 MHz 1-13 3
MIC (Japan)  2400-2495 MHz 1-14 4
KCC  2400-2483 MHz 1-13 3
Worldwide   2400-2473 MHz 1-11 3

Note: When operating in the FCC regulatory domain, 802.11 access points are generally set to channels 1, 6, and 11. In the other domains, channels are generally set to either 1, 6, and 11 or 1, 7, and 13 (with the addition of channel 14 in Japan).

The 5 GHz frequency spectrum is grouped into sets of channels, or bands that are referred to as "UNII" (Unlicensed National Information Infrastructure) bands by the FCC. Each 5 GHz channel is 25 MHz wide and therefore, no channels overlap when operating in 802.11a mode and 802.11n 20 MHz wide mode. The below table identifies the frequency ranges for each of the 5 GHz operating bands as well as the channel numbers for each. The table indicates which bands and channels are available in each of the regulatory domains. Channels that require DFS and those that do not are indicated.

  • D - DFS is required.
  • X - DFS is not required.
  ETSI (EMEA) FCC (Americas) KCC (Korea)  MIC (Japan) Worldwide
UNII-1 (5150-5250)
36 X X X X X
40 X X X X X
44 X X X X X
48 X X X X X
UNII-2 (5250-5350)
52 D D D D D
56 D D D D D
60 D D D D D
64 D D D D D
Intermediate (5450-5725)
100 D D - - -
104 D D - - -
108 D D - - -
112 D D - - -
116 D D - - -
120 - - - - -
124 - - - - -
128 - - - - -
132 D D - - -
136 D D - - -
140 D D - - -
UNII-3 (5725-5825)
149 - X X - -
153 - X X - -
157 - X X - -
161 - X X - -

Note: For countries regulated by FCC, UNII-1 operation is only allowed indoors.

Note: Channel 165 exists as an FCC channel, but tends to provide the shortest range of all 5 GHz channels because it is near the end of the UNII-2 band. For this reason, Channel 165 has traditionally been allocated for use by cordless telephones- those telephones advertised to operate at 5.8 GHz. Many, but not all Wi-Fi providers disable this channel for 802.11a and 802.11n operation due to the shorter range and the mutual interference between cordless phones and Wi-Fi devices that further impact performance and reliability. Laird supports all channels in the 5 GHz operating band except channel 165.

A radio programmed for the Worldwide domain may not be limited to the channels listed in the table above. The radio can use IEEE 802.11d support or Worldwide mode to adapt itself to the channels that are available on the APs in the vicinity.

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CKIP/CKIP-EAP

CKIP (Cisco Key Integrity Protocol) and CMIC (Cisco Message Integrity Check) are Cisco-defined predecessors to WPA TKIP and are supported only on Cisco Wi-Fi infrastructure. An SCU profile setting of CKIP (not CKIP-EAP) means that the encryption keys are defined in SCU. An SCU profile setting of CKIP-EAP means that the encryption keys are derived dynamically from an EAP authentication.

Note: If the SCU active profile has an encryption setting of CKIP or CKIP EAP, then the Laird Wi-Fi radio associates or roams successfully to an access point that is configured with the following:

  • The SSID and other RF settings of the SCU active profile.
  • Any of the following encryption settings:
    • WEP only (no CKIP or CMIC)
    • WEP with CKIP
    • WEP with CMIC
    • WEP with CKIP and CMIC
     

Note: Laird recommends the use of TKIP or WPA2.

 


 

Class II Permissive Change

A Class II Permissive Change involves a change that affects the reported performance characteristics and the test data that was submitted for the original approval. For a Class II change, the EUT (Equipment Under Test) must be tested and the test report submitted to the FCC or a TCB for approval before the change can be put into production.

The following situations would require a Class II Permissive Change filing:

  • When the antenna gain of a new antenna (of the same type as the originally approved antenna) is greater than the antenna gain of the originally tested antenna.
  • When the emission levels or reported RF safety levels of a new antenna (of the same antenna type) increase.
  • If the new antenna is a different type, has a lower gain than the originally approved antenna, and tests show that the spurious emission levels or reported RF safety levels have increased.

The following situations also qualify for a Class II Permissive Change (and do not require a new FCC ID):

  • A change from a non-modular approval to a modular approval.
  • A change from a modular approval to a limited modular approval.

 


 

Clear Voice Capture (CVC)

CVC is a technology provided by Cambridge Silicon Radio (CSR) which utilises the BC05 internal DSP in order to improve the audio quality of SCO links (speech). This includes sophisticated noise reduction and echo cancellation. CVC works with both single and dual-microphone headsets, giving advanced audio enhancements and noise suppression to the near and far end as well as providing packet loss and bit error concealment.

  


 

Client Name (SCU)

 For the SCU, the device name assigned to the Laird Wi-Fi radio and the client device that uses it.

Note: If CCX Features are set on the SCU Global settings page, then the client name is relayed and used for association.

 


 

COM Port

Windows designation for a serial port. Slow speed method of transferring data from one device to another.

 


 

Command Line Interface (CLI)

Interface that allows a user to pass command lines (lines of text) to a computer program.

 


 

Compare EE

A function in the Laird Technologies Config utility that allows you to compare two or more saved EEPROM files. This can be a very useful tool when analyzing performance of two or more transceivers.

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Command Mode

In modems and many wireless radios, Command mode is a mode of operation through which instructions are delivered to the modem or radio that define its operation. Command mode is initiated when the string "AT+++" is sent to the wireless radio, from which point instructions are issued in the form of AT commands. When the string "O" is passed to the radio, it re-enters Data mode.

Command mode is used to initiate connections and alter the settings for those connections, while Data mode is dedicated to the information that two connected radios are exchanging. Command mode is roughly analogous to dialing a phone number, while Data mode is roughly analogous to a conversation between two people once one successfully calls the other.

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Note: SCU Admin use only. For more information, see the Wi-Fi Software Administrator's Guide.

 


Config

Previous term for Profile.

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CPOE

Computerized physician order entry (CPOE) is a process by which a physician may electronically note instructions for nurses or other physicians to fulfill. This enables the orders to be logged in a database and transmitted sometimes to completely different locations.


 

Credentials (SCU Profile window)

The Credentials button on the Profile window of SCU allows you to add or edit the authentication credentials for the selected EAP type. See "EAP Credentials" for more information.

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